Wastewater Disposal Options Wastewater that is collected during mobile vehicle and equipment washing must be properly disposed. In general, there are four options available for the disposal of the water. Some of the following options require wastewater permits or authorization from a wastewater utility, as indicated below: 1. Zero-discharge closed-loop water recycling 2. Discharge to a municipal sanitary sewer system (requires authorization from the sanitary wastewater utility) 3. Discharge to land or ground (may require authorization from FDEP or the city/county environmental program) 4. Discharge to surface water (requires an NPDES permit from FDEP, and is typically not practical) 1. Zero-Discharge Closed-Loop Water Recycling Systems A closed-loop system uses recycled water and has zero or negligible discharge. Stationary systems such as car washing facilities generally require a permit from FDEP. Mobile closedloop water recycling systems can provide adequate wastewater collection and treatment without having to obtain a permit, provided that wastewater is properly disposed. However, one possible problem is that closed-loop water recycling systems may use chemicals to help remove solids from the waste. When systems use these chemicals, they commonly generate sludge which must be handled safely and disposed in a manner that will not cause pollution of the waters of the state. Another common issue is that the closed-loop recycling systems may have a reservoir to store the recycled water for reuse. It may be necessary to dispose of the reservoir water periodically as oil, grease, and other pollutants accumulate. The following steps should be followed for safe handling and disposal of the sludge and the contaminated reservoir water generated by these systems: a. Wastewater from a closed-loop system must be either discharged to a municipal sanitary wastewater system (with prior authorization) or disposed at a commercial industrial wastewater treatment facility. b. The sludge generated in these systems seldom is designated as a hazardous waste, and it can usually be disposed in a sanitary landfill. To be sure, check with the local FDEP District Office or the city/council environmental program and/or landfill operator. c. If the sludge is considered a hazardous waste, it must be disposed through a permitted treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facility. 2. Discharge to a Municipal Sanitary Sewer System Discharges to a municipal sewerage system receive treatment by the municipal treatment facility before they are finally discharged to the environment (rivers, lakes, sea water, or the land). Wherever practicable, FDEP recommends that discharging wastewater from mobile washing to the sanitary sewer. For fleet washing activities, discharge to the sanitary sewer will be the most economical and best alternative. Discharges to a sanitary sewer must have prior approval from the wastewater utility, and may require some pretreatment. In addition, this disposal method must be approved by the property owner(s) prior to discharge. Page 7 of 7 Recommended Best Management Practices for Mobile Vehicle and Equipment Washing 3. Discharge to Land or Ground Discharges to the ground must be treated to prevent ground water pollution. A grassy ground surface can provide treatment for small (i.e. minimal ponding and no runoff) and infrequent discharges. Regardless of the number and type of vehicle washing activity, all discharges to ground water must comply with state ground water standards. In some areas of the state, such as those over sole source aquifers, discharge to ground may not be allowed or may require further controls. In those sensitive areas, closed-loop water recycling or other disposal options would be necessary. If the wastewater is to be diverted to landscaped areas, damage to plants and soil can be avoided by minimizing or eliminating the use of soaps, detergents, and chemicals. Any solids that would be visible on the ground after discharge must be filtered out of the waste stream. In addition, minimizing the use of water can prevent wastewater overflowing from these areas. Repeated discharges to landscaped areas may result in an accumulation of contaminants, thus damaging vegetation and increasing contaminant levels in the soil. Note: If wastewater is repeatedly discharged to the same land area, FDEP may require the facility or the washing contractor to obtain a wastewater permit. Contact the local FDEP District Office or the city/county environmental program prior to discharge for more information. 4. Discharge to Surface Water Discharge of wastewater to stormwater systems (such as drains, ditches, retention areas) or to surface water (such as lakes, rivers, streams, canals, bays, or to the ocean) is prohibited without an NPDES wastewater permit. Therefore, this option is generally not feasible NPDES wastewater permits typically require a high degree of treatment to meet water quality standards, along with extensive (and costly) monitoring For more information concerning the permitting requirements involved in discharging to surface water, please contact the local FDEP office.